Human trafficking is the trade in people, especially women and children, and does not necessarily involve the movement of the person from one place to another.According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), forced labor alone (one component of human trafficking) generates an estimated 0 billion in profits per annum as of 2014.
Forced labor is a situation in which victims are forced to work against their own will under the threat of violence or some other form of punishment; their freedom is restricted and a degree of ownership is exerted.
Trafficked people are held against their will through acts of coercion, and forced to work for or provide services to the trafficker or others.
The work or services may include anything from bonded or forced labor to commercial sexual exploitation.
Unlike most cases of people smuggling, victims of human trafficking are not permitted to leave upon arrival at their destination.
While smuggling requires travel, trafficking does not.