Philippine-born children of mestizos and mulattoes from Hispanic America were classified based on patrilineal descent.The indigenous peoples of the Philippines were referred to as Indios (for those of pure Austronesian descent) and negritos.
Most Filipinos of Spanish descent in the Philippines are of mixed ancestries or are of pure European ancestry.
During the colonial period, there was an increase in the number of Chinese immigrants into the Philippines.
The Spaniards restricted the activities of the Chinese and confined them to the Parián which was located near Intramuros.
In addition to Luzon, select cities such as Bacolod, Cebu, Iloilo or Zamboanga which are home to historical military fortifications or commercial ports during the Spanish era also holds sizable mestizo communities.
Even before Spanish arrived in the Philippines, the Chinese have traded with the natives of the Philippines.